Causes of joint pain include: Adult Still's disease; Ankylosing spondylitis; Avascular necrosis (death of bone tissue due to limited blood flow) Bone cancer; Broken bone; Bursitis (joint inflammation) Complex regional pain syndrome (chronic pain due to a dysfunctional nervous system) Dislocation; Fibromyalgia; Gonococcal arthritis. Musculoskeletal disorders, such as arthritis, osteoporosis, and fractures, are common sources of pain for older adults. Other causes include inflammation, infections (urinary tract infections, pneumonia), bladder distention, kidney stones, skin breakdown, gout, peripheral vascular disease, and constipation.
Chronic pain, one of the most common reasons adults seek medical care (1), has been linked to restrictions in mobility and daily activities (2, 3), dependence on opioids (4), anxiety and depression (2), and poor perceived health or reduced quality of life (2, 3). WHY: There is significant evidence demonstrating that pain is a common problem in older adults (persons 65 years of age and older). In one study, 50% of adults 65 years of age and older said they experienced pain in the previous 30 days. Up to 80% of nursing residents experience pain regularly (National Center for Health Statistics, ).